Substitution of the season the scene of widespread diseases. Find out which diseases have the potential in the transition season!
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
At the time of transition of the rainy season to dry season, respiratory complaints (upper respiratory infection) can suddenly bloom once. Starting from rhinitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis to laryngitis. Generally, symptoms of respiratory infection can include fever, cough, runny nose or sneezing or sore throat.
According Adji rampant cases of ARI in the early dry season, was follow the environmental changes which are the means conducive to ARD-causing germs to multiply. In addition to respiratory infections, allergic diseases such as asthma or rhinitis are also frequently appear. At the turn of the rainy season to dry season is cold and dry valve and a lot of dust can also trigger asthma relapse.
The high volume of rainfall causing floods, wind causes dust flying around, making the risk of contamination of food / drink by germs or parasites that cause diarrhea increased.
“Especially if the water used for washing tableware less hygienic, it would certainly make the bacteria easily get into our bodies,” said Adji.
Bacterial infections, parasites, and viruses that enter the digestive tract through food / beverages are often diidap children and infants due to the immune system is not optimal.
Do not underestimate the diarrhea. If the child has a bowel movement that is too liquid continuously, you should note the child’s fluid intake. Providing drinking enough fluids is very much ORS to help sufferers, especially to stabilize the electrolyte body and reduce the risk of deterioration. In essence, patients still watch your fluid intake.
Generally preceded by symptoms such as fever, cough, runny nose, chills (shivering), muscle aches, headache, and fatigue. In contrast to the diarrhea, the flu can be spread through droplets from coughing or sneezing of people suffering from flu, and contact with surfaces contaminated with influenza virus. Do not be too often touching the mouth and nose in that season!
Yet this virus can also be inactivated by sunlight, soaps and disinfectants, so that still could be reduced risk of transmission.
The main symptoms of diarrhea, with other enhancements such as BAB with mucus and blood and is usually accompanied by fever. Dysentery can be caused by infection with Shigella bacteria, E.coli, Salmonella and Campylobacter jejuni. In addition, among children under five can also be caused by parasitic protozoa such as Entamoeba infection hystolitica.
In the transition season, dysentery easily transmitted through food / drink that is contaminated. This disease can result in complications that need to get the treatment your doctor as soon as possible
Cough is basically a mechanism the body remove a foreign object in the upper respiratory tract. One of them, can be caused by the flu or a respiratory infection that causes mucus or inflammation of the airways.
In the transition season, where the flu virus and germs that cause many breed ARD, cough was getting into. Handle, the diagnosis needs to be done before the cause or etiology, then treatment can be provided in accordance with the illness.
Typhus and Paratifus
Typhosa Salmonella germ is that many are in the stagnant dirty water or soil, can migrate into food and beverages and entry into the digestive tract. The bacteria then cause inflammation of the small intestine, causing symptoms of high fever, chills, weakness / fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite and sometimes accompanied by nausea, vomiting.
Necessary laboratory examination to confirm the diagnosis. If positive, you should immediately take it to the doctor to get proper treatment so there are no complications and fatal disease.
In the transition season, dengue fever could become epidemic again. Generally in dengue endemic pockets, so certainly there aegipty aedes mosquito proliferation.
At the beginning of infection, people suffering from dengue fever will experience a fever accompanied by headache, abdominal pain, and joint pains similar to flu symptoms. But when it goes some days, the condition of the patient’s body are usually weaker. Spontaneous bleeding may occur in the skin of red spots (called petekhie), nosebleeds, bleeding gums and other.
On day 3 of fever, doctors generally will conduct laboratory tests on patients to diagnose. Patients with DHF require a lot of fluid intake to prevent shock and deterioration that can come rapidly. We recommend that when suffering from symptoms such as sudden high fever, accompanied by headache, abdominal pain and do not respond well to febrifuge, should immediately consult a doctor to get treatment since early. And do not forget to always drink a lot.
In the transition season, you also need to be aware of hepatitis A. This virus can be spread through food / beverage and infect the liver.
The disease is characterized by nausea, vomiting continuously, weak / tired, and fever and can affect all ages. In advanced stages, the symptoms of hepatitis A can also be followed by the entire skin, and sclera eye yellow. When you find symptoms of fever with the whites of the eye ball is yellow, the patient should immediately see a doctor.
Prevent with Strategies!
Although as can be foreseen, a disease in transition season can still be prevented, you know! Here are some how.
Prevent some diseases that may arise in the transition season by giving the vaccine since the early. Among them, the vaccine for typhoid fever, hepatitis A, measles and so forth.
2. Nutritious Meals
Consumption of a complete and balanced nutritional food especially high protein content, vitamin A, vitamin C as antioxidants and minerals, especially zinc (zinc), so the body has sufficient defense.
3. Preserve Environment
Disconnect the chain of disease by keeping the environment clean. And, keep the children from a potentially infectious diseases such as hospitals.
4. Do Good Habits
Together the family do habits like washing hands every time they eat and after travel, as proven to reduce infant mortality, diarrhea and the risk of bird flu.